Crete is not only warm sea, clean beaches, tasty food, nature and interesting traditions. Crete is a unique story of civilization, which is already for the ancient Greeks was a legend, written language which is still not fully deciphered, and about the causes of death which can only make assumptions. That’s about it, the English archaeologist sir Arthur Evans said: “I opened a civilization unlike any Greek or Roman” and was named after the legendary king Minos, the Minoan. Traces of the Minoan civilization on Crete can be found at every step. In almost every coastal village has its own Villa, or disposing of left over from that mysterious era. But the most significant monuments of the Minoan palaces. Four. And one of them is the Palace of Knossos – where as predpolagaet and dwelt the mythical Minotaur from the myth Theseus and Ariadne. This air propitannym secret and legends, are also worth a visit the island of the Minotaur. Crete has carried more than Three or the Parthenon. Treasures and monuments found during the excavations have not been looted or taken out of Greece. You can see in archeological museums in Crete, but the largest and one of the most important archaeological museums in Europe – the archaeological Museum of Iraklion. The Museum has a unique kollekcionirovanie art Minojskoj era, and the Museum is therefore rightly called a Museum of Minoan culture. In 2002 the Museum began a complete reconstruction. After 10 years of reconstruction, opened 2 permanent exhibition hall (the hall of sculpture and Minoan frescoes). The entrance to them is free. It is about the unique frescoes, fragments of which were found during excavation of villas and palaces on Crete will be discussed.
When it comes to the Knossos Palace, it is assumed that most of the Palace was decorated with frescoes depicting nature, animals, sacred rituals. For 3500 years, who studied with the time, survived not so much, but even on these fragments it is possible to get an idea looked like the Cretans of the age of Minos. Boy, prekrasny like a flower in the end of the year has to die to get back – “Prince with the lilies”. Continue reading
In the world there was always a lot of historical mysteries. Fortunately the answers to many of the questions were almost under our very nose, or rather underfoot. Archaeology has revealed to us the path of knowledge of our origins with the help of found artifacts, documents, and more. Still archaeologists are constantly digging up new prints of the past, revealing to us the truth.
Some archaeological discoveries just shocked the world. For example, the Rosetta stone by which scientists were able to translate many ancient texts. Discovered the Dead sea scrolls were vital for world religion, allowing you to confirm the texts of the Jewish Canon. To important finds include the tomb of king Tut and the discovery of Troy. Finding traces of Roman Pompeii opened to historians access to the knowledge of the ancient civilization.
Even today, when it seems that almost all science looks forward, the archaeologists still find ancient artifacts that can change our ideas about the past of the planet. Here are ten of the most influenced world history discoveries.
10. The mound There (1800’s)
The there is in Turkey. In fact, the discovery of this hill is the evidence of existence of Troy.For centuries, the Iliad of Continue reading
In September 1964, Professor B. F. Porshnev of the archaeologist-artist V. S. Orelkin arrived in the village of Tahini, to find the grave were Required. Interviewed the old-timers where she might be buried. The last descendant from the family of Geneva 79-year-old cannon told them they needed to dig under a pomegranate tree. At this time we had a downpour. Dug up a grave, removed the bones wet. But when the skull was reconstructed profile of a young dead woman, it became obvious that it was the grave of one long dead granddaughters Explained.
In October 1965 B. F. Porshnev, together with professors A. A. Mashkovtsev and M. G. Abdushelishvili again in Thine. This time started digging under the old quinces in the place where once again indicated the old man, Geneva. Again weather and again failed. During the excavation work damaged the front part of the skull. The study of the bones showed that the skeleton does not belong to Zane. Obviously, this bone Gamasy because they have a small but pronounced Neanderthal reject.
In the summer of 1971 continued the search for Igor Burtsev. In Sukhumi, he met a party of the former excavations Vladimir Sergeyevich Galkinym – historian, linguist, artist. He rendered great service by telling where the cemetery is located is also provided documents of previous excavations, in addition, put Burtsev at home. After receiving permission from the authorities on excavations at an abandoned family cemetery, started to work. Reasoning that her son had Ri pohoronena the grave of his mother, began a search for his grave. A meter away from her old discovered a long-forgotten grave. The grave was about two metres long. Continue reading
Few people know that on the territory of Rostov region is true… Greek city! More precisely its excavations, what was left of it. The city of Tanais (Greek Tape and Tape), founded in the early 3rd century BC by the Greeks from the Bosporan Kingdom. The town played an important role in the development of trade by sea.
Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region
Who has not lived on this earth: the Scythians, the Amazons, the Greeks, the Venetians, the Polovtsian tribes and of course we, Russians.But, everything in order.
A little more than a couple of millennia ago, judging by the notes, Greco-Roman historians, on the don land inhabited by beautiful Amazons. They tilled the soil, and when it was time of war — take up arms. In order to freely own weapons, poor women even burned their right breast (to make it easier to throw a spear). In those days the river don was called Amazonia. One day, Amazon Lizippa and warrior Barossa was born the son of Tanais. The boy grew up and turned into a beautiful ,young man with impeccably owned weapons and different martial arts. To devote his life to the military art Tanais took chastity. Meanwhile, the goddess of love, Venus, fell in love with a young boy. It — zero attention. Wounded goddess punished Tanais love for his mother. The guy failed the test, and threw himself from a high hill into the river. Since then, the river was named “Tanais”. And then, in the name of the river, and called the City.
So, one Sunny summer day by car from Rostov-on-don, we went to the adventure “back in time”. Narrow highway Rostov-Taganrog, poplar along roads and hot, hot..Not far from the city of Taganrog turned the direction of Tanais, which is impossible to pass. Continue reading
Stone grave — hi from antiquity. Wonderful region — the Azov steppe! Here, as in planetary chronicle, lists all milestones in the history of the Earth — everywhere geological monuments, ancient burial mounds, stone images, traces of an ancient settlement. Among these stands out “stone island” with a height of about 12 meters and a length of more than 20 — Stone Tomb.
The stone Grave is located 2 km from the village of Patience Melitopol district of Zaporozhye region and is a heap of stones covering about 3,000 square meters, height of 12 meters. The pile is shaped like a mound (in Ukrainian grave), hence the name. Stone grave at first, probably, was a Sandstone shallow Sarmatian sea, the only way out of Sandstone in the whole Azov-black sea basin, which makes it a unique geological formation. After leaving the water the former Sarmatian sea shallow, sandy left the array, the top of which (presumably due to the influence of iron lateritic loam) turned into solid Sandstone. This array of Sandstone 240 on 160 meters on top of the fine sand was in the path of the old riverbed of the Breast and for a long time (up to the shallowing of the river and displacement of the riverbed to the West) remained the island in the river. As a result water and air erosion, the Sandstone massif much ass and gradually rasolomanana many pieces. Currently Stone Tomb is a sandy hill, covered with large stones. Among heaps of stones, many natural cavities — caves, passages and the like.
The first researcher who mentioned the Stone tomb, was N. And. Veselovsky. Digging out a nearby Stone Graves in 1889 the mound, the archeologist went to the village of Patience “to check rumours”. Veselovsky found a “stone mound”, suggested that this artificial construction, in 1890 excavated several caves, but not finding any treasure or burial, became disillusioned and stopped working, leaving only a small short Entry on the Grave Stone. Continue reading