The Department of archaeology
Interest in antiquities was awakened in Russia in the Petrine era. Picking up collections, active excavations, and special research contributed to the formation of archaeology as a scientific discipline in the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century, archaeology became a discipline taught at universities. Academic research, combined with extensive training of archaeology students have achieved marked success in the study of the material culture of the past.
The first year students of historical faculty offered a course entitled “fundamentals of archaeology”. For students majoring in the Department, are compulsory special course: the “Field archaeology”, “the Stone age, Eneolit and bronze age” “Iron age”, “Antique archaeology”, “Archaeology of Ancient Russia”, “Source”, “Scientific methods in archaeology”, “Typological seminar, Historiography of archaeology”, “Archaeological practice”.
In addition to required courses for students specializing in a particular area of archaeology, the Department staff and scientists from other institutions, including the Institute of archaeology RAS, the Institute of Ethnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, State Historical Museum, read different courses.
In addition to training, the Department has research topical seminars: Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), “History of ancient craft” (hands. N. In.Ryndina), “Morphology of antiquities” (hands. Y. L. Shchapova), “Problems of archaeology of the early iron age” (hands. I. V. Yatsenko, A. R. Kantorovich). The seminars bring together undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and teachers not only of Moscow state University and other scientific institutions of Moscow.
The basis of fieldwork for students-historians I course for majoring students has always been a standing expedition, which at present is reduced to four. It – Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), the Crimean (hands. E. A. Popova), don (hands. N. B.Leonova). The materials of the expeditions become themes of course and diploma works of students, PhD theses of graduate students. The Department’s expeditions are not only a part of the educational process, but they make a significant contribution to the study of ancient and medieval history. Widely known opening of the Novgorod expedition, annually replenishing the Fund of written sources on the history of Russia (birchbark manuscripts, and early books on wax tablets). Significant scientific achievements of Smolensk (early middle ages), Crimean (Greek-Scythian period) and Donskoy (Paleolithic) expeditions.
The results of the departmental field research published in numerous books and scholarly articles, staff, and alumni of the Department of archaeology. In recent years (after 1994) by the staff of the Department published many monographs and textbooks.
Wide international contacts of the Department. In addition to the participation in scientific congresses, conferences and symposia, an important aspect was the training of specialists from foreign countries. The Department of archaeology has graduated 36 students from Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America. Internship at the Department was held by experts from Poland, Norway, Belgium, the USA, Czechoslovakia, Germany, England, Hungary, Sweden, South Korea. Members of the Department give lectures in various scientific and educational institutions of foreign countries.
For sixty years the Department of archaeology has graduated 685 students, the majority of which work in the specialty in different universities, research institutes, museums, libraries. Of those graduates, more than 300 people became candidates of science, and 90 doctors of Sciences.
under the guidance of Professor N. In.Rindinas students and graduate students studying metalwork of late Neolithic and bronze age, iron age and middle ages. With the purpose of successfully studying the history of metallurgy students master metallography of ferrous and non-ferrous metals. In the seminar “History of ancient craft” students and graduate students reinforce the rules use information about the structure and composition of the metal in historical-technological and archaeological research;
under the direction of Professor Y. L. Shapoval students and graduate students learn the foundations of modern videogenie, theory and methods of complex study of archaeological finds, their morphology, technology and chemical composition. As a special research theme is being developed, the history of ancient glassmaking. Students participate in developing a linguistic databases and taking the first steps in the development of computer technology in the application to archaeology;
– students will practice and become familiar with modern methods of scientific restoration. Classes run by experienced artist-restorer N. And.Beloventseva and researcher of nonferrous metal and jewelry, early medieval Rus, candidate of historical Sciences N. In.Anisova.