The extinction of the Indians do not blame the conquistadors
Mass extinction of Indians in America in the seventeenth century is most likely connected with the activity of Catholic missionaries who began to preach vigorously in the New World in the years 1621-1626, and not with the arrival of the conquistadors, as previously thought. To this conclusion came a group of archaeologists from Harvard University (USA), completed a major study of the remains of Indians from the time of Columbus, reports RIA Novosti.
As you know, most of the American Indians didn’t die from physical destruction by the conquerors, but because of the diseases, brought by Europeans. However, the subject of dispute the question remains, when exactly it happened. Previously it was thought that the mass extinction of the indigenous population of America began immediately after the arrival of Europeans, the first settlers, the conquistadors. However, in 2014, geneticists have determined that the ancient inhabitants of Peru had already had TB, even though he was considered one of the causes of extinction of Indians in the era of Columbus.
Group Matthew Liebmann of Harvard University examined the human remains from ancient settlements on the territory of modern new Mexico. The researchers used a laser radar to “look” under a layer of soil and examine what is at depth. Thus were established the true size of each settlement, the number of the people living there, and takeapart when a massive extinction.
The results showed that mass reduction of the Indian population began in 1620, not after the arrival of the first conquerors. In the middle of XVII century the population in the investigated settlements was reduced by 86%, after which they were abandoned.
Scientists tend to “blame” in that missionaries who were in close contact with the local population, and also practiced mass baptism: so the infection would spread faster, and in addition, there were conflicts between the new Christian and traditional tribes.