The history of the Minoan frescoes.
Crete is not only warm sea, clean beaches, tasty food, nature and interesting traditions. Crete is a unique story of civilization, which is already for the ancient Greeks was a legend, written language which is still not fully deciphered, and about the causes of death which can only make assumptions. That’s about it, the English archaeologist sir Arthur Evans said: “I opened a civilization unlike any Greek or Roman” and was named after the legendary king Minos, the Minoan. Traces of the Minoan civilization on Crete can be found at every step. In almost every coastal village has its own Villa, or disposing of left over from that mysterious era. But the most significant monuments of the Minoan palaces. Four. And one of them is the Palace of Knossos – where as predpolagaet and dwelt the mythical Minotaur from the myth Theseus and Ariadne. This air propitannym secret and legends, are also worth a visit the island of the Minotaur. Crete has carried more than Three or the Parthenon. Treasures and monuments found during the excavations have not been looted or taken out of Greece. You can see in archeological museums in Crete, but the largest and one of the most important archaeological museums in Europe – the archaeological Museum of Iraklion. The Museum has a unique kollekcionirovanie art Minojskoj era, and the Museum is therefore rightly called a Museum of Minoan culture. In 2002 the Museum began a complete reconstruction. After 10 years of reconstruction, opened 2 permanent exhibition hall (the hall of sculpture and Minoan frescoes). The entrance to them is free. It is about the unique frescoes, fragments of which were found during excavation of villas and palaces on Crete will be discussed.
When it comes to the Knossos Palace, it is assumed that most of the Palace was decorated with frescoes depicting nature, animals, sacred rituals. For 3500 years, who studied with the time, survived not so much, but even on these fragments it is possible to get an idea looked like the Cretans of the age of Minos. Boy, prekrasny like a flower in the end of the year has to die to get back – “Prince with the lilies”.
At the suggestion of Arthur Evans, the mural depicting a Nobleman or Priest. However, the mural was assembled from several separate pieces (torso arm, elbow, hands with rope, legs, and tiara), which is clearly seen on the mural in the Museum, so there are a few guesses what the image might contain these fragments. Also given that in the traditions of Minoan art men stained in red, and the white figure, it could even be a woman. Also there is the assumption that the fresco was depicted as at least two people. Something like this.
Sacred jivotnoe of the ancient Minoans – the bull. Almost not one tourist on leaving the Palace without a similar Photo on the background of the fresco of the bull , a copy of which is located the portico in the West Bastion of Knossos Palace
The original itself is not as impressive. As you can see preserved three fragments of a relief fresco depicting bull hunting in rocky terrain with olive trees. The main element of the mural – the head of a bull – is a masterpiece of naturalism in Minoan art. The assumption that the fresco depicts hunting the wild bull, based on the images on the gold cups from Vaphio, where the similar scene. Yes, Yes, in the old days in Crete was known for wild cattle.
Minoan women – graceful, with a head held too high, with expensive jewellery, they played not last role in Minoan society. There are suggestions that the high priest – ruler of Knossos – could be a woman. “Ladies in blue” – another heavily damaged, but no less famous fresco. Dressed in the latest fashions of the era ladies, most likely priestesses, uchavstvuet in a sacred ritual. That this fresco, most likely, and was inspired by Ivan Yefremov to create the image of britanki Thais.
The famous fresco of “Parisienne”, the so-called A. Evans preserved a fragment, which depicts a female figure with Mediterranean features and vivid make-up. Rather, it would fit into the Bohemian world of Paris than in the Patriarchal society of Ancient Greece.
As you can see, the frescoes are preserved entirely, how could the unsophisticated tourist. When raskopka was originally located was debris from the remains of crumbled plaster coated with paint. These pieces were collected and restorers of frescoes, spreading them as mosaic. Exhibited in the Museum of frescoes consist somewhere halfway from the original pieces, and half dorisovat.
One of my favorite themes in the murals – monkeys. The topic of monkeys came out of Egypt. It is possible that in the gardens of the Palace of Knossos was inhabited by monkeys – the gifts of the pharaohs of Egypt. In Egypt, the God Thoth was often depicted in the form of a baboon, and in the frescoes of the Knossos Palace, monkeys are often found as part of a sacred ritual.
And it’s a boy. Maybe obezianka, but have not found the tail, so the boy.
It is assumed that the tradition of relief frescoes came to Crete from Egypt, but in their interpretation. And characteristic wall paintings on Crete – microfische . in which is reflected the daily life of the Palace.
The Minoans practically, with rare exceptions, did not build krepostnyh walls around their palaces and settlements. They have no images of battle scenes, at least not yet found. Their life was connected with the sea. Walls, floors, ceilings of palaces and villas were decorated with scenes devoted to sea – octopus, fish, and the best known dolphins of the Queen’s Megaron in Knossos Palace. An ancient artist depicted the sea, blue dolphins and colorful fish. Affects the validity and accuracy of the paintings. From corals and sponges that make up the border of the mural, go up bubbles transparent.
Striking confirmation of the relations of Crete with African countries, which were naturally conducted by sea, is the fresco with the image of the Negro . Very revealing picture on which we see a detachment of black warriors under the command of the commander of Crete. This fresco is in the Knossos Palace. Looking at these works of art, sometimes it seems that humanity is something irretrievably lost. And what a pity that the mysteries of the Minoans has yet to be solved.