The tomb vampires
In 1846 in the town of Griswold (Connecticut) one Horace ray died of tuberculosis. Over the next six years, his two adult sons also died from the same disease. And when two years later it was sick and the third son, relatives and friends of the family, ray was able to find only one logical explanation: the dead feed on the living, thereby killing them. In order to protect the remaining son, relatives dug up and burned bodies of suspected vampires.
This case is not unique. In 1874, for example, a desperate resident of Rhode island named William rose dug up the grave of his daughter and burned her heart.
This practice is excavation and incineration, as well as other attempts to suppress do not give to live quietly of the dead, was widespread in many Western countries until the early 20th century. People were certain the only way they can prevent the dead to suck the life out of living.
The remains of a woman 16th century with stone, hammered between the jaws, were found in 2006 in Italy
Today vampires are blood-sucking as sophisticated aristocrats in capes — or, at worst, sexy Teens with blazing sun on the skin. However, for many centuries in most countries, ranging from the ancient Greeks and the inhabitants of Eastern Europe to the Americans of the 19th century, vampires were thought to be victims of fatal diseases (or, sometimes, dead but never tamed villains) that will drain the life from their victims.
In order not to let this evil in their villages, the surviving relatives were trying to physically hold the dead in the graves, so to speak, to create a barrier on the way of the deceased.
Last year, Bulgarian archaeologists found two skeletons sticking out of the chest with metal rods — these people obviously suspected of committing atrocities after death. Only one in Bulgaria such graves known about hundreds.
This summer the researchers have found in Poland the graves in which heads were severed and placed around the knees. Probably the pallbearers were hoping thus to delay the uprising from the graves of the potential vampires before you go hunting, they would have to start had to find their heads.
In one Italian village alleged vampire was buried with a brick in his mouth.
The persistence of the vampire myth due to the lack of understanding of people, what happens to a person after death. The pagans-the Slavs clearly knew nothing of the corruption of the flesh, but even centuries later, people confused the fact that rigor Mortis is replaced by the flexibility of the limbs, why the corpse is beginning to look more like a living person. The liquid arising from the decaying of the digestive tract, the villagers could take for fresh blood.
In the end, similar fears and migrated to the New world. In the 19th century in New England was an outbreak of tuberculosis. People began to notice that the relatives of the dead from this disease began to fade, to decay, and, in the end, went to the cemetery after his loved ones. This was before there was a theory about bacteria, so any rational explanation people could not come up. In a town of Connecticut, for example, tried to overcome the disease, exhumierung the remains of deceased relatives bones and stacked them criss-cross.
The Scottish writer Emily Gerard first collected the Eastern European myths that gave rise to practices of “vampire graves”. Here’s what she wrote in an article of 1885, published under the title “Transylvanian superstitions”:
“Restless spirits, who are called “Strigoi”, not evil. However, their appearance does not Bode well and may be a harbinger of a severe illness or a great misfortune. Another thing a “vampire” or “Nosferatu”, which was definitely considered the servants of evil. Every Romanian peasant believed in their existence as strongly as in the existence of Paradise and hell”.
A bit later in the book Bram Stoker’s “Dracula” (which, incidentally, was partly based on material collected by Emily Gerard), published in 1897, and later its film adaptation in 1931, and cemented in the minds of millions an image of vamir about the way we see it today. Liked the article? Rate her: