excavation

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Stone grave — hi from antiquity

Stone grave — hi from antiquity. Wonderful region — the Azov steppe! Here, as in planetary chronicle, lists all milestones in the history of the Earth — everywhere geological monuments, ancient burial mounds, stone images, traces of an ancient settlement. Among these stands out “stone island” with a height of about 12 meters and a length of more than 20 — Stone Tomb.

The stone Grave is located 2 km from the village of Patience Melitopol district of Zaporozhye region and is a heap of stones covering about 3,000 square meters, height of 12 meters. The pile is shaped like a mound (in Ukrainian grave), hence the name. Stone grave at first, probably, was a Sandstone shallow Sarmatian sea, the only way out of Sandstone in the whole Azov-black sea basin, which makes it a unique geological formation. After leaving the water the former Sarmatian sea shallow, sandy left the array, the top of which (presumably due to the influence of iron lateritic loam) turned into solid Sandstone. This array of Sandstone 240 on 160 meters on top of the fine sand was in the path of the old riverbed of the Breast and for a long time (up to the shallowing of the river and displacement of the riverbed to the West) remained the island in the river. As a result water and air erosion, the Sandstone massif much ass and gradually rasolomanana many pieces. Currently Stone Tomb is a sandy hill, covered with large stones. Among heaps of stones, many natural cavities — caves, passages and the like.

The first researcher who mentioned the Stone tomb, was N. And. Veselovsky. Digging out a nearby Stone Graves in 1889 the mound, the archeologist went to the village of Patience “to check rumours”. Veselovsky found a “stone mound”, suggested that this artificial construction, in 1890 excavated several caves, but not finding any treasure or burial, became disillusioned and stopped working, leaving only a small short Entry on the Grave Stone. Continue reading

Archaeological Museum

The Museum of archaeology of Moscow is located in underground pavilion at the depth of 7 meters in the historic center of the city. The Museum was opened in 1997, after large-scale excavations at the Manege square in the construction of the shopping center “Okhotny Ryad”. The main exhibit of the Museum is the preserved foundations of the Voskresensky bridge, which once spanned across the river Neglinka. With the resurrection of the bridge began as a way to Tver, and then and in St. Petersburg. Before its construction this place there was a ferry. In the beginning of XVII century was built the bridge was the first stone bridge in Moscow. It can be seen on the plans of Moscow of the XVII century. In 1740 instead of the old bridge by the architect P. Heyden was new erected, the white stone bridge. He was more than 100 meters long and reaches 30 meters in width. Of the five arches of the bridge the flow was only one – right, when viewed in the direction of the bridge with the gallery of the Museum. The design of the bridge is quite well preserved due to the fact that, in 1817-19, during the restoration works after the war of 1812, the river Neglinka enclosed pipe, and the Voskresensky bridge as unnecessary covered. Continue reading

A modern network of archaeological museums

A modern network of archaeological museums is quite complicated. They are United by a Committee of the International Council of museums (ICOM) museums of archaeology and history.

For the countries of southern and Central Europe is characterized by the establishment of museums at the site of the Greek and Roman cities, museums-reserves, national archaeological Museum: Syracuse, Sofia, etc.

Archaeological museums in Northern Europe is focused mainly on local archaeology, including medieval: the Viking Museum in Aarhus, and the Viking ship Museum in ROS-Kilda Denmark).

In Belgium, along with many specialised archaeological museums (Damme, Engin) and there are museums of industrial archaeology (Arstila).

In France, widespread museums in provincial cities (Auxerre, Babe, alençon, Liu-con, Noyon), museums dedicated to individual topics in archaeology: the Museum of prehistory aurignac, in the Museum of Egyptology in Lille, the Museum of Gallo-Roman civilization in Lyon, the Museum of underwater archaeology in Berck-sur-Mer. Continue reading

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