In science for polite suggestions “and not the fake that try to present as an unexpected finding” there is a term “out of place artifact ”
Inappropriate artifact (Fig. out-of-place artifact) object of historical, archaeological or paleontological interest found in unusual or unlikely at first glance. The term was coined by American naturalist and cryptozoology Ivan T. Sanderson and applies to a wide range of objects studied by science (for example, the iron pillar in Delhi), and pseudo-science.
Supporters of the “inappropriateness” of the artifacts believe that science ignores a vast area of knowledge, whether intentionally or out of ignorance. Some random discoveries, such as the antikythira mechanism. led to the fact that scientists have revised their ideas about the technology of ancient civilizations. However, many critics believe that the “inappropriateness” of artifacts most often occurs because of an incorrect interpretation of wydawania of wishful thinking or extreme Kulturzentrum (belief that culture could not create an artifact or to invent technology because he was too underdeveloped or just not smart enough).
Known examples of the “inappropriateness” of artifacts was caused by the insufficiency of our knowledge of witty simple solutions, invented by the ancient engineers. For example, it was shown that the multi-ton statymai on Easter island could be moved and lifted without the use of modern technology.
Misplaced many of the artifacts have not been subjected to a serious investigation and nothing is known about them, except for the fact findings. In such cases, the question arises, what the artifact actually existed. Some, such as crystal skull, have been exposed as outright fakes. Continue reading
Experts were quick to disappoint Omsk: during the work on lubinsky Avenue was found only one coin and trash.
Today, August 13, at a press conference General Director of IC “Ideal Story” Anatoly Latin and Omsk archaeologists have dispelled the rumors that when you work in the reconstruction of Lyubinsky Prospekt’s treasure was found. We will remind, couple of weeks ago in the media appeared information about the fact that coins minted in 1902 were found at the North theatre in Theatre square.
What has been found actually, today said an employee of the Omsk scientific center of Siberian branch of Russian Academy Russian Academy of Sciences Dmitry Pavlov .
– Was found just one coin 1961 year of release, which probably everyone has. Not found in the soil and in the well. Also found were vessels, animal bones, metal pins, nails, fragments of pottery, cast iron of pelvis late nineteenth century, fragments of porcelain. One horseshoe was found and a fragment of another, scraps of Shoe leather. All the finds date from the late nineteenth century. At the moment, made 16 sweeps, – said Pavlov.
The Museum of peoples of Siberia Omsk branch of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography Michael Karpenko added that if it was really found treasure, it was obyazatelnogo to declare. Violation of this rule leads to punishment, including criminal. And what was found, the archaeologists are called household waste. In contrast, the treasure is a collection of objects, “which is compact with a purpose were placed”. In addition, he said Karpenko, specialists are constantly working at the facility and conduct their own observation work. Continue reading
Nearing completion of the archaeological excavations of the ancient works on Kozelsk is scheduled for summer
Archaeological research Kozelsk, one of the oldest cities in the lands of the Chernigov Principality – has begun relatively recently. The first excavations were organized in 1992 by the Institute of archaeology RAS, their main aim was to identify the location of Kozelsk, destroyed by Batu Khan in 1238 Works were wide-ranging and comprehensive, was attended by soil scientists, geomorphologists, geophysicists, experts were invited leading Russian historians and archaeologists. But the result was unexpected: the cultural layer of ancient time (11th-13th centuries) on the locations of excavations and pits were absent. In the end, in scientific publications, there was an assumption about the localization of annalistic city in completely different places, and not in Kozelsk on the Zhizdra.
The historical geography of the upper Oka archaeological region there was a new problem. The results of the work were of great public resonance not only at district level but also at regional and Federal. They began to affect on the policy of the Ministry of education and culture of the Kaluga region. Especially acute the problem is in connection with the assignment Applied for in 2009 with the title “City of military glory” (articles in the Federal media type “Kaluga archaeologists can cancel the decree of the President”, etc.).
Kaluga archaeologists, in contrast, continued to look for traces of the ancient in Kozelsk Kozelsk modern – the regional centre of Kaluga region and the search was very successful. The excavations, organized in 1992 by Moscow, was carried out within the medieval fortress of Kozelsk, the location of which is well-known (on the cards of the 18th century remains of the earthen ramparts). In 2010-2013 research was also conducted in the Central historical part of the city, but outside the boundaries of a medieval fortress on a hill near the mouth of Draguseni (the territory of the former bakery and private property). Currently there is no doubt that this area of the modern city occupies the site of the citadel (the fortress) ancient Kozelsk. During the excavations there were revealed and studied well-preserved cultural layer, containing abundance of ancient material, including the pre-Mongol stage. The issue with the localization of the ancient Kozelsk in the result of the work of these years was withdrawn. Continue reading