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Archaeologists have discovered a Catholic reliquary in the tomb of the leader of the first Protestant Church in the USA

Finding gives the Foundation of Rome to be closer to the Vatican

WASHINGTON. American archaeologists have produced a sensation. Excavations at the first permanent English settlement in the U.S., the colony of Jamestown (Virginia), they discovered the remains of captain Gabriel Archer, one of the leaders of the settlers. The uniqueness of this discovery in two of the accompanying nuances. First, in the Archer’s grave was discovered a silver reliquary, in which were found several bones and a tiny vial filled with Holy water or blood. Secondly, the captain was buried in a hexagonal coffin, head East. In this way, indicates the American edition of the Atlantic, often buried Catholic priests. From here the intrigue: Jamestown was a Protestant colony, but now the conclusion is that it flourished clandestine Catholic community, whose members consisted of some leaders of the settlement, and the Archer could be its secret leader or even a priest. “Finding mysterious little silver box containing the relics was one of the major surprises, — said the President of Jamestown Foundation, James horn. — We’re still trying to figure out what it means: it is very uncommon to find a Catholic reliquary in the tomb of the leader of the first protestantskaja in the country.” Continue reading

New discoveries of archaeologists

Archaeologists in Peru have managed to make a remarkable discovery: they dug up the room in which priests allegedly burnt sacrifices and communed with the higher powers. The building, built five thousand years ago is probably the most ancient sanctuary in the region.

Peruvian archeologists have discovered the ruins of stone buildings, which in ancient times, in all probability, served as a temple. The ruins of religious buildings situated in the side wing of the main pyramid at El Paraiso, forty kilometers North-East of the capital of Peru, Lima.

In the middle of the temple premises was a place for kindling the sacred fire and the altar for ceremonial burning brought gifts. Archaeologists have given this building called the “Temple of fire”. According to the Ministry of culture of Peru, on fragments of stone walls from the inner side are remains of yellow clay, which thin layer covers the walls of the room. Somewhere on the stones of the masonry and clay scientists found traces of red paint.

The area of the fire Temple small – about 56 square meters (about 7 to 8 meters). Interestingly, the entrance to Hambil very narrow (48 centimeters), so that freely pass through it could only lean, narrow-shouldered man. Researchers believe that in this room, mostly, burned sacrificial gifts. “Inhaling smoke from burning sacrifices, the priests, probably addressed to the gods, asked about vital matters, then listened to the will of the gods,” said Marco Hillje, head of the archaeological expedition, which produces excavations in the territory of El paraíso.

The excavations El paraíso occupies 50 hectares in the valley of the river Chillon. The complex of buildings consists of ten different stone buildings, already cleared from a thick layer of stones and sand. Archaeologists suggest that the settlement is actually one of the earliest in the Andes. Continue reading

Fossils

After the death of the animal begins the process of decomposition. Vultures and crows tear at the rotting flesh and entrails, flies and bacteria clear what’s left. The bones disintegrated in the sun and in the rain. So the once living being is nothing.

Sometimes, however, the remains can go to a place where they have a chance to be saved from destruction: to get into the river during the flood and quickly buried in the sand. In this case, the vultures won’t find them, and flies and bacteria won’t have access to the remains to destroy. Such cases are extremely rare — probably only one man for a few hundred years, managed to avoid decomposition. But this happens, and then the body gets a chance to become a fossil. The transformation into a fossil, fossilization, occurs in several different ways. In very rare, special cases, the body of the animal can be maintained with no change. We learned this by watching mammoths buried in frozen silt in the glacial period, and insects, drowned in the resin that oozed from ancient pine trees. These insects are preserved when the resin

turned into a land in amber. Dinosaurs could not harden in this way, because they were extinct long before the ice age and could not climb trees.

In other unique cases, only parts of creatures can survive, but they survived without any obosobi changes. The bones of the ice age mammals have been found in natural asphalt lakes-traps in Los Angeles, USA. But shark teeth are often found in tertiary marine sediments. Preserved in this way remains relatively young in geological terms, but this ability to survive is again incredible for dinosaurs.

Even in cases where animal or plant quickly petrify and stored, geological changes in rocks can destroy the original lifetime of the substance. However, in the dust becomes not all. The leaves and branches of ferns are sometimes retained as a thin black film of pure carbon while all other chemical substances and compounds have been washed from the rock. Plants, of course, can be stored in this way, but. not dinosaurs. Continue reading

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