The nineteenth century for prehistoric archaeology, as well as for the classic, was “the era of great archaeological discoveries.” In 1829, on the lake of Zurich in Switzerland were discovered hidden under water piles. They are not paying much attention, until in 1854 due to the strong drought is not exposed near the shores of the lake bottom. The locals, producing earthworks designed to recapture the water some part of the land, were found stone and bone tools, broken pottery. Learning of this, the Swiss archaeologists have begun excavating the pile and opened a settlement. There were several alternating layers. The top layer of sand followed (deep) layer of silt with remnants of dwellings, utensils, implements, then again a layer of sand, and under it another layer of silt with residential remains.
The existence of the pile settlements in ancient times it was known from the testimony of Herodotus, who described the settlement on the lake is Great-zias (Macedonia) in the V century BC On the pile dwellings in the same century according to Hippocrates and, finally, the bas-relief image on the Trajan’s column, Dating from the II century ad Modern pile settlements are known in many countries, mostly Equatorial, but in the nineteenth century they were still in Portugal.
Ancient pile settlements, open in Switzerland, belong to stone and bronze ages. Further pile settlements were opened in other locations in Switzerland and in other countries. These discoveries put comicsporn about three centuries. Due to the large number of monuments were able to establish that the upper layers containing bronze items, belong to the bronze age, and bottom, do not contain metal, but with a clearly Neolithic tools, Dating from the stone age. Continue reading
Sentenced a group of “black diggers” who were engaged in illegal search and seizure of historical artifacts, announced yesterday the Supreme court RT. According to the FSB Directorate for Tatarstan, a criminal case on the fact of such crimes, and sentencing is Russia’s precedent.
The buffs were detained in July 2014 on the territory of the archaeological monument “Kyzyl-Alinskoe (Novoaleksandrovskaya) settlement” in the Chistopol region of Tatarstan. On the spot they seized 54 archaeological object which the examination was carried subsequently to the X – first half XVI centuries, including coins and jewelry, representing historical, scientific, artistic and cultural value.
The organizers of the group was the 31-year-old previously convicted of drug Manager of one of the Kazan LLC Andrey Nectarin and his friend, 38-the summer anywhere not working inhabitant of Chistopol Ilya Polacken. Both of them, though, and had no higher education, but was fond of history, more precisely, applied to archaeology. I studied the special literature, archaeological maps, interacting on online forums and hunters, armed with special knowledge, looking for areas containing cultural layer, and place of occurrence of antiquities.
In 2014 hounestly met a professional archaeologist, a graduate of Kazan University H. who also used to be fond of treasure, but learn that for some time this hobby has become a criminal offence, threw him. However, for a fee H. agreed to look for new friend areas in Tatarstan, the cultural layer which potentially contains historical value. Note that in order to officially conduct the excavations in such places, you need to get in the RT Ministry of culture special permission – the “open sheet”. But this is a very complicated procedure, and most importantly, found during surveys valuable items have to refer to the Museum Fund. And this is in the plans of black archaeologists was not included. Continue reading
Timur Tamerlane (1336-1405) was a prominent political figure of the second half of the XIV century. He founded a huge Asian Empire and the Timurid dynasty. The state’s capital was the city of Samarkand. The Bishop bore the title of – Emir, which translated from Arabic means “Lord.” The limits of its power stretched from Asia Minor to India and from the Aral sea to the Persian Gulf. Timur died during a trip to China in February 1405.
The dead body of the Bishop was embalmed and transported to Samarkand. The coffin was buried in the mausoleum Gur-Emir, which translated from Persian means “tomb of kings”. Thus, the tomb of Tamerlane in 1405 was built in Samarkand. In accordance with the custom of her curse was imposed, warning about the terrible evils if the sarcophagus with the body of the Emir will be opened.
The remains of Timur Tamerlane stored in a black sarcophagus
The opening of the tomb of Tamerlane
After coming to power of the Bolsheviks all the gold, precious stones and platinum have become the property of the state of workers and peasants. It has therefore become common practice to open the family crypts and removed from jewelry. In Russia, it is practiced very widely. In Central Asia until the early 40-ies of similar activities were not conducted. Continue reading