Archaeological discoveries that changed the world
In the world there was always a lot of historical mysteries. Fortunately the answers to many of the questions were almost under our very nose, or rather underfoot. Archaeology has revealed to us the path of knowledge of our origins with the help of found artifacts, documents, and more. Still archaeologists are constantly digging up new prints of the past, revealing to us the truth.
Some archaeological discoveries just shocked the world. For example, the Rosetta stone by which scientists were able to translate many ancient texts. Discovered the Dead sea scrolls were vital for world religion, allowing you to confirm the texts of the Jewish Canon. To important finds include the tomb of king Tut and the discovery of Troy. Finding traces of Roman Pompeii opened to historians access to the knowledge of the ancient civilization.
Even today, when it seems that almost all science looks forward, the archaeologists still find ancient artifacts that can change our ideas about the past of the planet. Here are ten of the most influenced world history discoveries.
10. The mound There (1800’s)
The there is in Turkey. In fact, the discovery of this hill is the evidence of existence of Troy.For centuries, the Iliad of Homer was nothing more than a myth. In 50-70-ies of the XIX century trial excavations were unsuccessful and it was decided to continue the study. It was found confirmation of the existence of Troy. Excavations continued in the twentieth century with a new team of archaeologists.
The megalosaur was the first dinosaur studied. Of course, fossil skeletons of dinosaurs had been found before, but then science could not explain what were these creatures. Some believe that the study of megalosaurus was the beginning of many sci-Fi stories of dragons. However, this was not the only consequence of such findings, there has been a boom in the popularity of archaeology and the passion of human dinosaurs, everyone wanted to find their remains. Found the skeletons began to classify and put in museums for public viewing.
8. The Treasures Of Sutton Hoo (1939)
Sutton hoo is considered to be the most precious treasure of Britain. Sutton hoo is the burial chamber of the King, who lived in the seventh century. With him were buried various treasures, lyre, wine goblets, swords, hats, masks and more. The burial chamber is surrounded by 19 hills, which are also graves, excavations at Sutton hoo continues to this day.
Ancient people and creatures evolved into modern sapiens is studied for many years. It would seem that today do not exist anymore in the history of our evolution, but the age of the skull is 1.8 million years old, found in the Georgian town of Dmanisi, made archaeologists and historians think. It represents the remains of homoerectus who migrated from Africa, and supports the hypothesis that this species stands alone in the evolutionary chain.
For a long time Stonehenge was considered the oldest religious structure in the world. In 60-ies of XX century this hill in South-Eastern Turkey has been named a potentially older than Stonehenge, but very soon he was recognized as a medieval cemetery. However, in 2008, Klaus Schmidt discovered a stone age in 11 thousand years, which clearly were treated prehistoric man, still do not have any clay or metal fixtures.
5. The headless Vikings of Dorset (2009)
In 2009, road workers stumbled upon human remains. It turned out that they have unearthed a mass grave in which were buried more than 50 people with their heads cut off. Historians immediately looked in the book and realized that once there was a mass murder of the Vikings, it happened somewhere between 960 and 1016 years. Skeletons belong to young people twenty years of history that they tried to attack the Anglo-Saxons, but those very vigorously resisted, which led to mass murder. It is said that the Vikings stripped and tortured before beheadings and throw into the pit. This discovery sheds some light on the historical battle.
4. The petrified man (2011)
Discoveries of fossilized human remains already is not news, but that doesn’t make them less horrible and, at the same time, attractive. These perfectly mummified corpses have so much to tell about the past. Recently in Ireland was found petrified body, his age about four thousand years, scientists believe that this man died a very cruel death. All bones broken, and his posture is very strange. It is the most ancient petrified man ever found by archaeologists.
In August 2012 the University of Leicester in conjunction with the city Council and the Community of Richard III organized excavations led to the discovery of lost remains one of the most famous English monarchs. The remains were found under a modern Parking lot. The University of Leicester has announced that it will initiate a full investigation of the DNA of Richard III, thus, the English monarch may be the first historical figure whose DNA will be studied.
Scientists have always talked about cannibalism in the ancient settlements of Jamestown, however, neither historians nor archaeologists have never had that direct evidence. Of course, history tells us that in ancient times, people in search of the New world and riches were often found creepy and cruel end, especially in the cold winter time. Last year, William Kelso and his team discovered the fractured skull of a 14-year-old girl in the pit with the remains of horses and other animals, which the settlers ate in times of famine. Kelso is convinced that the girl was killed to satisfy hunger, and the skull broke through to reach the soft tissues and the brain.
For centuries Stonehenge remained for historians and archaeologists something mystical. The location of the stones is not allowed to determine what exactly they were used and how were apart that way. Stonehenge remained a mystery that puzzled many. Recently, archaeologist David Gecis organized excavations led to the discovery of the remains of bison (in ancient times, they were consumed and also used in agriculture). On the basis of these excavations, scientists were able to conclude that in 8820-ies BC Stonehenge was inhabited and was not designed as a separately positioned object. Thus, pre-existing assumptions will be reviewed.