Harikari Mongolia

Harikari adopted in archaeological science the name for the mounds with rounded stone mound and circular or square fence connected with a loose stone “rays”, or “paths”. Harikari got its name from the Mongolian word “charges ur” — “socket of the Kyrgyz” or “Kyrgyz grave”.

The Kyrgyz were the last Turkic people who dominated the steppes of the Centre. Asia in the era of “Kyrgyz great power” in the IX—X centuries (see the State of the Yenisei Kyrgyz), before these lands migrated Mongolian nomadic tribes. So the Mongols all the ancient mounds called “Kyrgyz” by name prior to people. In scientific use the term “Harikari” was introduced by Russian scientists and travellers, who carried the expedition to Mongolia in the late XIX — early XX century. Among Heraxosov are very large structures with bulk in 60-80 m in diameter and 15 m height and diameter of circular wall 250 meters Often around the fence Heraxosov in several rows located circular calculations – altars. On the area of burial grounds adjacent to Gerakari installed in 1 or several rows of stone steles with figures of animals and a picture of a belt with weapons, which were named by the researchers “deer stones”. Under the embankment in the centre of Gerakari, at the level of the ancient nevnimateljnostj as a rule, is located, or the tomb of large stones, in which are found skeletons of people buried, laid in a stretched position, on the left side, the head to the West. Any stuff in the grave didn’t put. In many Harakara no traces of burials. However, in the embankment and the square of Harikari in later times after their construction were made of the intake of burial. Therefore, in the past, archaeologists determined the chronology Heraxosov for these later findings. For many decades in Mongolia and Transbaikalia Harikari was dated from the middle Ages and belonged to the old Turkic, or Uighur culture. However, as a result of excavations in Tuva and then in Transbaikalia, the archaeologists were able to determine that the ring fencing Heraxosov covered tiled tombs and barrows of barrows of the late bronze and early Scythian time. This allowed us to determine the time of the construction Heraxosov late bronze and early iron age. In Herekar were buried the ancient nomads of Caucasian racial appearance. During the late bronze age ancient European nomadic tribes occupied the steppes and mountain valleys of the Sayan-Altai, Tien Shan, Mongolia and Baikal region. They moved across the steppes on wheeled carts and owned large herds of cattle. Warriors of these ancient nomadic tribes fought on the battle chariots, and attacked their enemies with bronze weapons, bows and arrows, spears, and daggers klausami. Military advantage soldiers of horsemen over infantry soldiers from Central Asia Mongoloid tribes was so great that they conquered all of Central Asia. This contributed to the selection in the society of ancient Caucasoid nomads of the military aristocracy, which is reflected in the social structure and ideology. The design Heraxosov reflected the cult of the sun and war chariots. The construction is very time consuming, Grand Heraxosov and rows of stelae memorial with printed pictures of weapons and animals raised on well-monitored, open steppe spaces, was to glorify the feats accomplished by the ancient heroes-warriors.

Over time, the opponents of the ancient nomads of Caucasoid, Mongoloid nomadic tribes culture of tiled tombs populating the Eastern regions of Central Asia, learned how to successfully confront their formidable opponents on the battlefield. They were used to protect the metal alloy helmets and protective belt and attack the enemy with swords bronze. However, a decisive change in military Affairs, which led to the reduced role of fighting chariots had occurred with the development of nomads riding on the turn of the early iron age. The emergence of a new kind of troops — cavalry, highly mobile and maneuverable than chariots, caused the loss of their former striking power. Following the changes in military art of the ancient aristocratic military caste of soldiers, chariots lost its leading position in nomadic society. Lost its prestige value of chariot symbolism. The steppe regions of Transbaikalia, Central and Eastern Mongolia were conquered Mongoloid nomadic tribes culture of the plate graves. In the Western regions of Central Asia the ethnic array of ancient Caucasoid nomads split into separate nomadic tribes cultures of the early Scythian time. In the burial structures of the early Scythian cultures of the Sayan-Altai and Tien Shan have survived the elements, which go back to design features Heraxosov. The descendants of the ancient Caucasoid nomads, erecting and establishing of Gerakari deer stones, the Scythian and hunno-xianbei time in Chinese historical writings were known under the name “Dee” and “dinlins”.

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